Sewing is science with numerous basics and infinite possibilities. It is defined as the use of thread and needle to attach objects (here, fabrics) by sewing them together.
Sewing with hands is considered fashionable even today although a variety of sewing machines (both basic and advanced) have made their way into the dress making industry. Sewing machines were invented in the19th century. Digitalization has enabled large scale production of sewn products with a finer and smoother finish.
Before sewing a dress there are a lot of preparatory step involved: creating a design, choosing the right fabrics, taking precise measurements, creating a pattern on paper and then cutting the fabric accordingly. This is followed by stitching the various cut patterns together by creating the right seams so that the stitches do not show on the dress upon wearing. The edges need to be sewn for a perfect finish, and then buttons, hooks or zippers if any are fastened to the dress. All this goes into making a dress, and sewing is only the final step.
Sewing patterns have evolved from hand stitches to machine stitches; even embroidery is now done with machines. However, select designer wears with traditional looking cuts and styles are embellished with needlework, which is a popular Handicraft, remains untouched by automation. One obvious advantage of machine sewing over hand sewing is speed and precision, and not to mention the ease of sewing thicker fabrics. A combination of hand sewing and machine sewing is what works best for creating custom fits and in a timely manner.