Printing and Dyeing processes are coloring techniques used for coloring the fabrics that go into dress making. The hue of colorful patterns that we see on every piece of clothing available in the market are created using printed ad dyed fabrics, their creation involves much technique and efforts. Dyeing is relatively simple and can be done on threads, yarns and fibers. A single colored dye is applied to a plain gray fabric on either side to produce the required color. The resulting fabric is soft and colorful.
Printing is rather complex and done on fabrics only; the fabric can be pretreated in any desired color. Printing does not require precise temperatures unlike dyeing which is done at very high temperatures. Prints are done only one side of the fabric and predesigned tools are required to create desirable prints. The dyes used in printing are used in the form of pastes of precise thickness to set them on fabrics without spreading. Unlike dyeing, multiple colored pigments are used to create a printed fabric and then subjected to steaming followed by curing to fixate the dyes firmly in place to maintain the integrity of the printed pattern in terms of color and outline. Goes without saying, printing involves higher cost and labor as compared to dyeing.
Automation in the textile industry has created limitless possibilities in the variety and styles created by printing and dyeing. Digital Printing on Textiles, which originated in the 1980s, has facilitated in creating even miniature designs with perfection and finesse. With so much innovation and its application to a range of fabrics, printing and dyeing take the dress-making process to a whole new level.