Polyester is a type of synthetic fiber that has been created using the combination of water, coal, petroleum and air. In the 20th century, the fibers of polyester were developed through the chemical reaction of an acid and alcohol. The reaction yields a large molecule with long, repeating structures that cause the fabric to be durable and stable.
As compared to naturally occurring fibers, like cotton, polyester is considered to be more durable. Additionally, it is stain, water and fire resistant. In addition to that, this fabric can be pre-shrunk during the manufacturing process, and that is why polyester can be able to retain its original shape and size after washing. This fiber is usually blended with other natural fibers like cotton to provide the wearer a much-improved fabric that offers the benefits of both fabrics.
The polyester fabric is commonly used in the manufacture of different types of clothing including jackets, shirts, pants, bed sheets, blankets and upholstery. In addition to that, this type of fiber is also used in the creation of industrial fibers like ropes, yarns, conveyor belts, coated cables and many others.