Famously known as the Golden Fibre, Jute is a very important and usable fibre. Jute is golden brown in color and is obtained by specialized cultivation. This fibre is also very environment friendly and due to this feature, jute has entered a number of industries too, being used in the production of mats, carpets and even in bags.
Jute is also a very affordable fibre because its cultivation is easy and the jute plants give out a very high yield. There is no need to use the fertilizers or pesticides in the cultivation of Jute. Just like Flax and Hemp, Jute is also a Bast Fibre.
The crop of Jute is grown annually in many areas of India and Bangladesh.
The fibre of jute is very long. It measure around 1 to 4 meters. The fibre threads are very silky, shiny and have a golden brown shade in them. Almost all the other textile fibres are made up of cellulose, but Jute is made of both Cellulose as well as lignin. Where cellulose is a plant fibre component, lignin is a wood fibre component and thus, due to this reason, Jute can be called both a textile fibre as well as wood.
The jute fibre is very strong, durable, versatile and cheaper fibre which is put to a number of applications. Jute is used innovatively in the manufacture of shopping bags, rugs, carpets, chair coverings, floor coverings, coffins and many more.
Jute is a very environment friendly fibre and thus, using Jute bags for shopping and for other uses is in great demand. Jute bags look classic, handy and lighter in weight. These bags are either manufactured in factories or by hand. Handmade jute bags have turned out to be fashion statement and these are also a very excellent example of handicrafts.