Gingham is a popular woven plain fabric cloth created by using dyed cotton. It is also manufacturing by blending yarn with cotton. Even though it can manufacture in two processes, in both way you can have a balanced fabric with medium weight features. The fabric is made of using interlocked fibers called yarns. These fibers will go through a mechanical process called Carding, which will finally produce the fabric Gingham. Coloring of Gingham is done always along the grain. The most interesting feature of this type of fabric is that you can use it both side of the fabric has there is inside or outside since there is no color difference.
History and Use of Gingham
The name Gingham, originated from a Malay word, genggang, which means striped. There is another belief that the fabric has been first made in France, at a placed called Guingamp, a town in Brittany. Thus, there is a belief that the fabric got the name Gingham, because of its origin.
Gingham reached Europe during 17th century via Dutch as a woven fabric with stripes, in typical blue and white checkered design. By 18th century, England started to produce the fabrics. It soon established its position in the textile industry and had its position until late Victorian era.
Gingham is mainly using in fashion industry as a test fabric in designing. Since 1960s, people used to wear shirts made from Gingham and now it is widely used to make men and women fabrics.